Umm ar-Rasas, If you decide to visit Umm al-Rasayat, you will not only visit a Jordanian village in the capital, but you will also enjoy a unique experience when you see the effects of this picturesque area, where many of the floors are decorated with inscriptions, religious and historical scenes And aesthetic.
In the center of the capital of the Hashemite Kingdom of Jordan, the village of Umm ar-Rasas, which is about 30 km away from the city of Madaba, is in the south of it.
Umm ar-Rasas (an ancient Jordanian village) was called Castron Mepha, according to a Greek text in a mosaic dating back to the Umayyad period.
The name of Mepha was mentioned in the Roman sources, where the sources stated that a unit of the Roman army was stationed on the edge of the desert in the area of Mepha.
Archeology of Umm ar-Rasas (an ancient Jordanian village): consists of three main parts:
The Roman Fort: The Roman fort is surrounded by a wall supported by a number of towers to monitor the royal commercial route. The aim of these towers was to maintain security and stability in the surrounding areas. The construction of the Roman fortress dates back to the Byzantine period in the third century AD. A number of churches were built inside the fence, which is a rectangular building. It is important to include in one side the residence of the Romanian Legion.
Group of Churches:
The churches are located north of the Roman fort, and a joint mission of the Institute of the Patriarchs of Versailles, in cooperation with the Jordanian Department of Antiquities, uncovered a religious complex consisting of four churches, some of which are paved with mosaics, the Church of St. Sergius and the Church of St. Stephens.
The Hermitage is located on the western side of the Roman fort. At the top of the tower is a room that was built for the monk to worship and perform his religious rites.
The importance Umm ar-Rasas (an ancient Jordanian village):is of great importance in various fields including:
Religious and archaeological importance:
The presence of the churches in Umm ar-Rasas made them extremely religious. It is noteworthy that these churches were built in the Byzantine era, The Umayyad and Abbasids did not cease to care for these churches and to pay attention to them.
Where it was restored and reconstructed and the construction of new churches also in the Umayyad and Abbasid periods.
The beauty importance:
The importance of the Umm ar-Rasas, there are mosaic floors with expressions and graphics wonderful, which includes many paintings that show pictures of benefactors and images of hunting and images of animals, in addition to architectural forms very precise and skilled. The mosaic also shows the names of some of the cities that flourished in Jordan and Palestine at the time. The discovery of the churches in Umm ar-Rasas built in the Umayyad era demonstrates the truthfulness of Islamic and Christian coexistence since ancient times. It is worth mentioning that Umm ar-Rasas is of great religious value to Muslims. It is mentioned in the history of Mayfah or Umm ar-Rasas that the Prophet Muhammad – peace be upon him- visited him in his youth before his mission during a commercial trip.
And a monk called the monk Lake, and saw this monk cloud shade community and they are coming to Deira and entered the group to the monastery of hospitality and remained Muhammad guarding the convoy asked the monk about this young man who accompanied them and asked to enter the monastery and knew him and said to the companions to keep this boy, great, as this monk saw Muhammad- peace be upon him- the features of prophecy according to his religious books.