The city of Istanbul was known in the past with many names, such as Istanbul and Constantinople. Istanbul is the largest city in Turkey and the second largest city in terms of population density. Turkey is the economic, social and tourism center of Turkey. It connects the two parts of Asia and Europe through the famous Bosphorus bridge. The European section of Istanbul is called “Trakie”, and the Asian section is known as Anatolia.
Geography and Climate of Istanbul
The city of Istanbul is located in the north-west of the Turkish province of Marmara, with a total geographical area of 1,830,92 km², and Istanbul is characterized by the diversity of geographical terrain, which made it one of the most important tourist cities of the world; it contains many types of trees, especially in the northern part of Istanbul. The remainder of the city’s land is spread over populated urban lands and on water bodies such as the Marmara Sea.
The climate of Istanbul is relatively mild because of the influence of its geographical spread between two continents. The summer in the city is hot, and the maximum temperature can reach 40 degrees Celsius and fall to 10 degrees Celsius. The winter is very cold and rain falls, covering most parts of Istanbul, with a maximum temperature of 18 degrees, and down to seven degrees below zero.
Marks of Istanbul
The city of Istanbul has many famous historical landmarks. The most famous are:
– Aia Sophia Museum: a beautiful and impressive architectural monument in Istanbul. It was a Christian cathedral. At the time of the Islamic conquest the city became a mosque, but after the Ottoman rule of Istanbul became a museum Historically.
Palace of the High Gate: It is the palace where the Ottoman Sultan lived when Istanbul was the capital of the state and built this palace in 1459 AD under the reign of Sultan Mohamed El Fateh, and is now one of the famous tourist attractions in the city.
Bosphorus Bridge: From the famous bridges in Istanbul, located at the Bosphorus Strait, between the Asian and European parts of Istanbul.