Baghdad … the capital of the world, it is no wonder that the Syrian poet Nizar Qabbani dedicated his character in describing the city of peace (Baghdad), and said in one of his poems:

Your eyes, Baghdad, since my childhood
Two suns asleep in my eyes
Baghdad you came as a ship tired
I hid my surgeries behind my clothes

Baghdad is a city of beauty and peace, with history and literature, with museums and palaces, Baghdad, the capital of the world, Baghdad the capital of beauty in this world. Baghdad.

The capital of the world is the largest city in Iraq and the second largest city in the Arab world after Cairo.


Baghdad is the capital of the world, on both sides of the Tigris and the Euphrates, about 300 miles from the north, south and west borders of the country, 41 meters above sea level.

History of Baghdad

The history of the city was built during the Abbasid period. It was named after al-Zawra and the city of peace. Baghdad was once the capital of the world and the center of the Islamic caliphate. Baghdad built the Abbasid caliph Abu Jaafar al-Mansur, and called it the city of Mansour, and made it four doors are: The door of the state, to turn the Abbasid state of Khorasan, and Bab al-Sham, which is the Levant, then the door of Kufa, which is the city of Kufa, and then the door of Basra, which is the city of Basra, and Mansour had chosen this spot of land on The banks of the Tigris River.

The most important tourist places in Baghdad

Shabandar Cafe:

The Shabandar Café is one of the most famous cafes in Baghdad. It is located at the end of Al Mutanabbi Street near Al-Qashla (formerly Al-Mufakiya).

The café building was formerly the Shabandar Press, founded in 1907 and owned by Musa Shabandar.

The Shabandar Cafe is now one of the most important social clubs in Baghdad. It is one of the most important cultural landmarks in Iraq, where it talks about culture, art, poetry and politics.

The Shabandar cafe is a place for the general public and tourists from outside Iraq, frequented by the general public, traders, employees and writers, and was gathered by Iraqi politicians and intellectuals.

Baghdad National Museum

The National Museum is located in Baghdad … the capital of the world, showing Iraqi art and medieval art. After World War I, archaeologists from Europe and the United States dug all over Iraq to preserve it.

The museum contains many works of art and antiques found in it, which are related to the Sumerian, Babylonian, Akkadian and Assyrian civilizations, as well as many exhibitions of the pre-Islamic and Islamic era, and Arab art.

Monument of martyr

It was completed in 1983 by the Iraqi sculptor Ismael Fatah al-Turk.

The martyr’s monument consists of 40 meters high, covered with blue ceramic tiles, a library, a museum, and other facilities focusing on the idea of ​​Iraqi soldiers who died during the eight-year war between Iran and Iraq,

Cultural tourism

If you are a fan of reading and culture, consider Mutanabi Street.

Like the horses, the night and the Baida, the most famous Arab poets (Mutanabi), it also known Mutanabi Street, which is located in central Baghdad, the capital of the world.

Al Mutanabbi Street is the cultural market for the people of Baghdad where the trade of books of all kinds and fields flourishes and is usually active on Friday.

It has a printing press dating back to the 19th century. It also contains a number of libraries, which include rare books and manuscripts, as well as some old Baghdadi buildings, including old civil court buildings now called the Qishla building.

This school was located at the site of the current building of Qishla (which was the subject of the Directorate of Real Estate “Tabu” and the Ministry of Justice in the Royal era) and the cultural center overlooking the Tigris River, where the center contains a large number of halls for the work of seminars and cultural lectures The cultural center is characterized by a gathering of artists and intellectuals every Friday, the center of television interviews and a media platform.

What is interesting is that there is a permanent exhibition of paintings on wood and glass that embodies the Baghdadi heritage.

At the end of Al Mutanabbi Street is Shabandar’s old heritage café The street is currently a market for books and magazines old and modern.

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