The city of Jerash was the name of Graysa, and in 360 BC the city of Jerash joined the cities of Dicapols (the city of Jerash) Ten cities founded by Pompey in northern Jordan) and was established to stand in the face of the Nabataeans and address their forces in the south, and finally took the name (Pompey East).
The most important monuments and tourist areas in the city of Jerash:
Dibbin Forest Reserve:
With an area of more than 60 square kilometers and a height of 500 to 1,000 meters above sea level, the forest is spread over cliffs of calcareous limestone and limestone.
Trees are distributed according to forest heights such as pine trees, oak and other species such as maple trees, pistachios, wild olives and other types of plants that are usually prevalent in forests.
The Dibbin Reserve was the most important protected area study in 1998, after studies proved to be the best example of pine forests, as well as incubating at least 17 threatened species, such as the Caspian squirrel.
Jerash is a city of columns with many distinctive monuments:
The main street in the region, about one kilometer long, is paved on both sides and surrounded by 71 marble columns, which were previously 520 columns.
It is the largest feature of Jerash, the monumental city of columns
And was built in the first century AD, and can accommodate about three thousand to five thousand spectators, and was designed to suit the audio system in all angles, which is used to this day in artistic and cultural events, the most important, the Jerash Festival.
Built in the second century AD in 165 AD, it accommodates about 3,000 spectators and is also used in cultural and artistic events such as the Jerash Festival.
The Way of Nymphs:
This magnificent building was built in the second century AD and includes a collection of nymph fountains, the most famous of which is the 191-year-old Nymphium, which consists of two floors of marble basins and very beautiful fountains that will save you much if you do not plan to visit.
Also known as the Philadelphia Gate, was built during the Roman wars of the second century AD.
It dates back to 165 AD and is considered to be of great importance in the northern part of the ancient city.
Temple of Artemis:
Built in the second century AD, it served as a temple for the guardian goddess of the city and is one of the most important historical monuments in the region.
A stadium for horses and a circus circus theater, occupying a space in the heart of the archaeological area of Jerash. It takes a U-shaped form in English; it consists of two walls and terraces that rise above three-cell vaults.
It was named after the Ottoman Sultan Abdul Hamid II, and thanks to the Circassians in its construction in 1887, it is distinguished by its unique location among the ancient Roman ruins.
Umayyad Mosque: Located at the point of convergence of the main street (Kardo) with the sub-street (Dikmanos) in Jerash, the city of tall columns and is said to have been built in the eighth century AD.
The Shrine of the Prophet Hood:
Located on a hilltop in the eastern part of the historic city of Jerash, the tomb of the Prophet Houd is located on a mountain peak. It consists of a room that extends to 16 m and is built over an area extending to approximately 160 m. There is an ancient dark cave damsfi to the east of the shrine.